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Introduction

Cooperation between the public administrations is essential to provide services to citizens and guarantee their rights. Such cooperation requires such conditions that enable its fluidity, requires interoperability. Interoperability facilitates the realization of principles and rights of citizens; cooperation in the development and delivery of public services; as well as a more effective and efficient deployment and in the provision of services.

Article 3 “ general principles ’ Ley 40/2015, de 1 de octubre, de Régimen Jurídico del Sector Público (Opens in new window) incluye a la interoperabilidad entre los principios de actuación de las Administraciones Públicas, de forma que estas se relacionarán entre sí a través de medios electrónicos que aseguren la interoperabilidad y seguridad de los sistemas y soluciones adoptadas por cada una de ellas, la protección de los datos de carácter personal, y facilitarán preferentemente la prestación conjunta de servicios a los interesados.
 
Article 156 of the law 40/2015 reflects the national Interoperability (ENI) that “ it includes the set of criteria and recommendations on security, maintenance and standardization of information, formats and applications that should be taken into account by public authorities for decision-making technological guarantee interoperability ”.
The ENI was established earlier in article 42 of law 11/2007 and is embodied in the Royal Decree 4/2010, of 8 january, which regulates the national Interoperability (Opens in new window) in the area of E-government.
 
The technical standards for interoperability concretan detalles para facilitar los aspectos más prácticos y operativos de la interoperabilidad entre las Administraciones Públicas y con el ciudadano. Se acompañan de guías de aplicación y de otros documentos complementarios.

El ENI es el resultado de un trabajo coordinado por el Ministerio de Asuntos Económicos y Transformación Digital. Todas las Administraciones Públicas participaron en la elaboración del ENI a través de los órganos colegiados con competencia en materia de administración digital; y se  contó también con la opinión de las asociaciones de la industria del sector de tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones.

En la elaboración del ENI y de sus normas técnicas se tuvieron presentes las recomendaciones provenientes de la Unión Europea, particularmente del el European Interoperability framework (Opens in new window) available to date; therefore, the ENI is located in the context of european policies, actions, documents and services relating to interoperability; it also contemplates the concept of the liaison with the various instruments equivalent the scope of the european union, are communications networks, basic components (building blocks), or services for cooperation in interoperability or reuse.

Objectives

The national Interoperability pursues the following objectives:

  • To understand the criteria and recommendations que deberán ser tenidos en cuenta por las administraciones públicas para la toma de decisiones tecnológicas que garanticen la interoperabilidad y que eviten la discriminación a los ciudadanos por razón de su elección tecnológica. Y que, por tanto, contribuyen a crear las condiciones necesarias para la interoperabilidad en el uso de los medios electrónicos que permitan a los ciudadanos y a las administraciones el ejercicio de derechos y el cumplimiento de deberes a través de estos medios.
  • Provide the common elements que han de guiar la actuación de las administraciones públicas en materia de interoperabilidad, para facilitar la interacción de las administraciones públicas, así como la comunicación de los requisitos de interoperabilidad a la industria.
  • To facilitate the implementation of security policies , al contribuir a un escenario de mayor racionalidad técnica y de economías de escala.

La interoperabilidad se concibe, al igual que la seguridad, desde una perspectiva integral, de manera que no caben actuaciones puntuales o tratamientos coyunturales, debido a que la debilidad de un sistema la determina su punto más frágil y, a menudo, este punto es la coordinación entre medidas individualmente adecuadas pero deficientemente ensambladas.

Elements of the national Interoperability

The main elements of the ENI are:

  • The basic principles of interoperability : interoperability as integral quality present from the design of systems and services throughout their life cycle; the multidimensional nature of interoperability; and the approach of multilateral solutions. (Arts. 4 - 7)
  • Organizational interoperability - includes aspects relating to the publication of services through the communications network of public administrations ( SARA "href =" https :// administracionelectronica.gob.es/ptt/redsara "> network SARA ), with the conditions attached; the use of nodes of interoperability; and keeping an inventory of administrative information (Arts. 8 - 9).
  • The semantic interoperability: a través de la publicación y aplicación de los modelos de datos de intercambio, horizontales y sectoriales, así como los relativos a infraestructuras, servicios y herramientas comunes. (Art.10)
  • Technical interoperability: a través del uso de estándares en las condiciones previstas en la normativa para garantizar la independencia en la elección, la adaptabilidad al progreso y la no discriminación de los ciudadanos por razón de su elección tecnológica. (art. 11)
  • Infrastructures and common services dynamization, elements, simplification and spread of interoperability, while facilitating multilateral engagement. (Art. 12)
  • The use, preferably, of the communications network of public administrations españolas para comunicarse entre sí y a la que conectarán sus redes y nodos de interoperabilidad, aplicando el Plan addressing the administration . The SARA "href =" https :// administracionelectronica.gob.es/ptt/redsara "> network SARA given the above-mentioned Communications network. (Arts. 13 - 15)
  • Reuse: includes conditions of dismissal of applications, documentation and other objects of information by public administrations to make available to other authorities and of citizens; link between the directories of reusable applications and by public administrations of solutions available for free reuse; as well as publication of the code of applications. (Arts. 16 - 17)
  • The interoperability of electronic signatures and certificates: the policy of electronic signatures and certificates of the General state administration as a tool that can be used as a reference for other AA.PP.; aspects relating to the validation of certificates and signatures, the lists of confidence, the user applications, certification services providers and validation of certificates and electronic signature. (Arts. 18 - 20)
  • The revival and preservation of the electronic record, as a manifestation of interoperability over time, and that has a unique to the electronic document. (Arts. 21-24)
  • Creates the technical standards for interoperability and instruments to interoperability. (Additional provision first)

Ámbito of implementation

The scope of the national security is established by article 2 of the law 39/2015 and 40/2015 on the subjective scope and what is said on the public sector institutional.

Alignment with national Interoperability

To the adequacy of ENI is of interest to the Guide of implementation of audit ENI (Opens in new window) that is intended to facilitate to carry out an assessment of the implementation of the measures of interoperability, pointing out a list of measures on national Interoperability. Such controls are structured into three categories following the model of the NHIS:

  • Organizational framework , referred to those controls demanding horizontal measures, such as the legal aspects of policies for action or certain decisions, often referred to the governance of interoperability.
  • Operational framework , referred to those controls whose implementation requires the adoption of practices, procedures and measures in line with the administration of interoperability as a whole, including the design, implementation and the design and operation of interoperable systems.
  • Technical measures , que suponen requisitos concretos que permiten garantizar la interoperabilidad, incluyendo formatos, vocabularios o protocolos.

Further information,

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