Cooperation between the public administrations is essential to provide services to citizens and safeguarding their rights. Such cooperation requires conditions that allow its fluidity, for which it is necessary that interoperability. Interoperability facilitates principles and rights of citizens; cooperation in the development and delivery of public services; as well as greater efficiency and effectiveness in the deployment and in the provision of services.
Article 3 ‘ general principles ’
Law 40/2015, 1 October, of Legal Regime of the public Sector
incluye a la interoperabilidad entre los principios de actuación de las Administraciones Públicas, de forma que estas se relacionarán entre sí a través de medios electrónicos que aseguren la interoperabilidad y seguridad de los sistemas y soluciones adoptadas por cada una de ellas, la protección de los datos de carácter personal, y facilitarán preferentemente la prestación conjunta de servicios a los interesados.
Rule 156 of law 40/2015 reflects the schema national of Interoperability (ENI) that “ includes the set of criteria and recommendations on security, conservation and standardization of information, formats and applications that should be taken into account by public administrations for decision-making technological interoperability ”.
The ENI was established earlier article 42 of Law 11/2007 and materialises in the Real Decreto 4/2010, de 8 de enero, por el que se regula el Esquema Nacional de Interoperabilidad in the field of E-government.
The technical standards for interoperability specify details to facilitate the most practical and operational interoperability between public administrations and with the citizen. Are accompanied by implementation guides and other supplementary documents.
The ENI is the result of a work coordinated by the ministry of economic affairs and Digital Transformation. All public administrations participated in the elaboration of the ENI through the collegiate bodies with competence in the field of digital administration; and also counted with the opinion of associations of the industry of information technology and communications.
En la elaboración del ENI y de sus normas técnicas se tuvieron presentes las recomendaciones provenientes de la Unión Europea, particularmente del el European Framework of interoperability available to date; therefore, the ENI is located in the European context of policies, acts, documents and services related to interoperability; moreover, includes the notion of the link to the various instruments equivalent of the scope of the European Union, are communications networks, basic components (building blocks), or services for cooperation in interoperability or reuse.