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Introduction

Cooperation between the public administrations is essential to provide services to citizens and safeguarding their rights. Such cooperation requires conditions that allow its fluidity, for which it is necessary that interoperability. Interoperability facilitates principles and rights of citizens; cooperation in the development and delivery of public services; as well as greater efficiency and effectiveness in the deployment and in the provision of services.

Article 3 ‘ general principles ’ Law 40/2015, 1 October, of Legal Regime of the public Sector (Opens in new window) incluye a la interoperabilidad entre los principios de actuación de las Administraciones Públicas, de forma que estas se relacionarán entre sí a través de medios electrónicos que aseguren la interoperabilidad y seguridad de los sistemas y soluciones adoptadas por cada una de ellas, la protección de los datos de carácter personal, y facilitarán preferentemente la prestación conjunta de servicios a los interesados.
 
Rule 156 of law 40/2015 reflects the schema national of Interoperability (ENI) that “ includes the set of criteria and recommendations on security, conservation and standardization of information, formats and applications that should be taken into account by public administrations for decision-making technological interoperability ”.
The ENI was established earlier article 42 of Law 11/2007 and materialises in the Real Decreto 4/2010, de 8 de enero, por el que se regula el Esquema Nacional de Interoperabilidad (Opens in new window) in the field of E-government.
 
The technical standards for interoperability specify details to facilitate the most practical and operational interoperability between public administrations and with the citizen. Are accompanied by implementation guides and other supplementary documents.

The ENI is the result of a work coordinated by the ministry of economic affairs and Digital Transformation. All public administrations participated in the elaboration of the ENI through the collegiate bodies with competence in the field of digital administration; and also counted with the opinion of associations of the industry of information technology and communications.

En la elaboración del ENI y de sus normas técnicas se tuvieron presentes las recomendaciones provenientes de la Unión Europea, particularmente del el European Framework of interoperability (Opens in new window) available to date; therefore, the ENI is located in the European context of policies, acts, documents and services related to interoperability; moreover, includes the notion of the link to the various instruments equivalent of the scope of the European Union, are communications networks, basic components (building blocks), or services for cooperation in interoperability or reuse.

Goals

The national Schema Interoperability has the following goals:

  • Understand the criteria and recommendations that should be taken into account by public administrations for decision-making technological interoperability and avoid discrimination citizens by reason of their choice technology. And, therefore, help create conditions for interoperability in the use of electronic media that allow citizens to and administrations the exercise of rights and duties through these means.
  • Provide the common elements to guide the performance of public administrations on interoperability, to facilitate interaction of public administrations, as well as the communication of the requirements of interoperability industry.
  • Facilitate the implementation of security policies to contribute to a more rational scenario technical and economies of scale.

Interoperability is conceived, like security, from a global perspective, so that there can be no action punctual or cyclical treatments, due to the weakness of a system is determined by its point more fragile and often this point is the coordination between individual measures appropriate but poorly assembled.

Elements of the National Schema interoperability

The main elements of the ENI are:

  • The basic principles of interoperability : interoperability as integral quality present from conception of services and systems and throughout their life cycle; the multidimensional nature of interoperability; and the approach of multilateral solutions. (Arts. 4 - 7)
  • Organisational interoperability : incluye los aspectos relativos a la publicación de servicios a través de la Red de comunicaciones de las AA.PP. ( SARA "href =" https :// administracionelectronica.gob.es/ctt/redsara "> Network SARA ), with the associated conditions; the use of nodes of interoperability; and maintain inventories of administrative information. (Arts. 8 - 9).
  • Semantic interoperability: a través de la publicación y aplicación de los modelos de datos de intercambio, horizontales y sectoriales, así como los relativos a infraestructuras, servicios y herramientas comunes. (Art.10)
  • Technical interoperability: through the use of standards under the conditions provided in the rules to ensure the independence in the election, adaptability to progress and non-discrimination of people because of their choice technology. (art. 11)
  • Infrastructures and common services elements of dynamization, simplification and spread of interoperability, while facilitating connection multilateral. (Art. 12)
  • Use preferably of the communications network of public administrations Spanish to communicate with each other and the connecting networks and interoperability nodes, using the Routing Plan administration . SARA "href =" https :// administracionelectronica.gob.es/ctt/redsara "> Network SARA provides the aforementioned Communications network. (Arts. 13 - 15)
  • Reuse: includes conditions of licensing of applications, the documentation associated and other objects of information that the AA.PP. made available to other administrations and citizens; liaison between the directories reusable applications and consultation by the AA.PP. of solutions available for free reuse; as well as publication of the code of applications. (Arts. 16 - 17)
  • Interoperability of electronic signatures and certificates: la política de firma electrónica y de certificados de la Administración General del Estado como herramienta que podrá ser utilizada como referencia por otras AA.PP.; aspectos relativos a la validación de certificados y firmas electrónicas, las listas de confianza, las aplicaciones usuarias, los prestadores de servicios de certificación y las plataformas de validación de certificados y firma electrónica. (Arts. 18 - 20)
  • The recovery and conservation of the electronic document, as a manifestation of interoperability over time, and that uniquely affects the electronic document. (Arts. 21 – 24)
  • Creates the technical standards for interoperability and the instruments for interoperability. (First Additional Provision)

Scope

The scope of the national security Scheme is established in Article 2 of laws 39/2015 and 40/2015 on the field subjective and what is stated on the public sector institutional.

Alignment to the National Schema interoperability

To adjust the ENI is of interest Audit guide ENI compliance (Opens in new window) que tiene por objetivo facilitar que se pueda realizar una valoración del cumplimiento de las medidas de interoperabilidad, señalando una lista de controles sobre el Esquema Nacional de Interoperabilidad. Dichos controles se estructuran en tres categorías siguiendo el modelo del ENS:

  • Organizational framework referring to those controls demanding horizontal measures, such as the legal aspects of action policies or certain decisions, often referred to the governance of interoperability.
  • Operational framework referring to those controls which requires practices, procedures and actions aligned with the administration of interoperability as a whole, including the design, implementation, configuration and exploitation of interoperable systems.
  • Technical measures , que suponen requisitos concretos que permiten garantizar la interoperabilidad, incluyendo formatos, vocabularios o protocolos.

More information

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Unión Europea. Proyecto cofinanciado por el Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER)