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Web accessibility observatory

Accessibility observatory

The Observatory of Web Accessibility is an initiative of the ministry of economic affairs and Digital Transformation that aims to help improve compliance in the matter of accessibility of websites and applications for mobile devices of the administration (AGE, REGIONAL GOVERNMENTS, EELL and remnants of public sector bodies).

Within this initiative will provide the following services:

  • Monitoring of compliance with accessibility requirements . Estudio periódico que proporciona datos de medición del grado de cumplimiento en materia de accesibilidad de los sitios web de la Administración así como datos de evolución.
  • Diagnostic service online . This service allows staff to public administrations the possibility of requesting an automatic review of accessibility of their websites, according to the methodology for tracking UNE-EN Simplified 301549:2019 as well as a review of the declaration of accessibility. Available to members of the Accessibility community .
  • Reference documentation on web accessibility to help improve accessibility of websites and applications for mobile devices of public administrations: rules, guides on the creation of accessible content and validation, informational videos related to the introduction of the "1112/2018, FAQ to answer questions or doubts more prevalent in web development accessible, etc.
  • Accessibility community . Meeting point of public administrations to share information and experiences and resolve doubts. Also allows access to Diagnostic service online.

Temporary Scope

Initially, studies of the Observatory of Web Accessibility is planned to be carried out during 2010 and early 2011 . Estos estudios permiten conocer la situación puntual y la evolución del cumplimiento de los requisitos de accesibilidad de los sitios web de las administraciones públicas, basandose para ello en una Metodología propia en la que se define la muestra de sitios web y páginas a analizar, las verificaciones que se van a comprobar, las puntuaciones a generar así como la evolución de los resultados. Para cada uno de los ámbitos (AGE, CCAA y EELL), se realizaron varias ejecuciones del estudio que permitieron mostrar la evolución del estado de accesibilidad en este periodo. Estos estudios se realizaron sobre la UNE 139803:2004 (equivalente a WCAG 1.0 ).

Dado el éxito y aceptación de la iniciativa, así como por los buenos resultados obtenidos, se decidió prolongar su actividad durante el año 2011 complete .

During 2012 and 2013 se mantuvieron las actividades del servicio de diagnóstico en línea y la comunidad accesibilidad. Así mismo se potenció la generación de materiales de ayuda ante la aprobación de la nueva UNE 139803:2012 (equivalente a WCAG 2.0 ). From 2014, worked with regard to the UNE 139803:2012.

In 2018 los grupos de trabajo relacionados con la accesibilidad del Comité de Dirección TIC (CDTIC) y de la Comisión Sectorial de Administración Electrónica (CSAE) aprueban una nueva versión de la Metodología basada también en la UNE 139803:2012.

After the entry into force of Real Decreto 1112/2018 sobre accesibilidad de los sitios web y aplicaciones para dispositivos móviles del sector público (Opens in new window) which transposes into Spanish law Directiva (UE) 2016/2102 del Parlamento Europeo y del Consejo, de 26 de octubre de 2016, sobre la accesibilidad de los sitios web y aplicaciones para dispositivos móviles de los organismos del sector público and the publication of the Implementation decision 2018/1524 (Opens in new window) , que define cómo se va a llevar a cabo el seguimiento simplificado en los Estados miembros a partir del año 2020, se empezó a trabajar en la nueva " Monitoring methodology simplified UNE-EN 301549:2019 (PDF) (Opens in new window) ", whose checks are aligned with WCAG 2.1 In. June 2020  la metodología es aprobada por los grupos de trabajo "Accesibilidad en las TIC en las AAPP" del CDTIC y "Observatorio, Indicadores y Medidas" de la CSAE.

Methodology of studies

La revisión de accesibilidad de los estudios del Observatorio de Accesibilidad Web se realiza en base a una metodología propia desarrollada por el Observatorio en colaboración con los grupos de trabajo relacionados con la accesibilidad del CDTIC y de la CSAE. En esta metodología se define la sample of web sites and pages to analyse , checks to check, the scores to generate as well as the evolution of the results over time; checks are analyzed subset of WCAG criteria those whose verification can be done automatically as well as others, although its revision is usually manual, have been able to add through specialized metrics. In the methodology also defines the Fields en los que se divide el estudio (ámbito estatal, regional, local y otros), así como los  segments , which grouped websites with similar characteristics with the aim of comparability between them.

All services offered in 2010 , 2011 y 2012 usaron una metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2004 (equivalente a WCAG 1.0). Hay 2 versiones de esta metodología: UNE methodology 139803:2004 - General Administration of the state (PDF) (Opens in new window) and UNE methodology 139803:2004 - regional and local governments (PDF) (Opens in new window) , donde la única diferencia entre ambas es la diferente distribución de segmentos.

In July 2015 approved primera versión de la metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2012 (PDF) (Opens in new window)   (equivalent to WCAG 2.0). In April 2018 adopted a second version of the methodology based on the same rule (UNE 139803:2012) (PDF) (Opens in new window) .

In June 2020 approved metodología actual para el Seguimiento Simplificado, basada en el estándar UNE-EN 301549:2019 (PDF) (Opens in new window)   (equivalent to WCAG 2.1).

    Results of studies

    In each of the studies of the Observatory and for each of its areas of action is generated different reports:

    • Report added. This report reveals comprehensively the current situation and evolution of all websites analyzed in the study. The report contains a lot of graphs and tables containing the results of the study: overall results, results in each of the segments as well as an evolution of the results over time.
    • Individual reports. Se generan informes individuales para cada uno de los sitios web analizados, que contienen el detalle de los resultados obtenidos en cada una de las páginas analizadas en el observatorio. Estos informes son remitidos a los responsables del sitio web analizado para que puedan usarlos en la mejora de su accesibilidad.

    A summary of the results achieved during the execution of 2010 and 2011 it is available in technical note of OBSAE: Accessibility in E-government in Spain (PDF) (Opens in new window) .

    A very short summary of data with respect to the overall situation in December 2016 it is available in technical note of OBSAE: " Directiva de accesibilidad de los sitios web y aplicaciones móviles del sector público (PDF) (Opens in new window) ".

    After the publication of the new Royal Decree 1112/2018 on accessibility of websites and applications for mobile devices in the public sector (Opens in new window) it has published technical note " La accesibilidad de los sitios web y aplicaciones móviles del sector público (PDF) (Opens in new window) ", which in addition to describe the context and challenges faced by all players involved, shows the results of the iteration of late 2018 offering a comprehensive picture of the situation at that time.

    Observatory of Web Accessibility - AGE

    Segments

    Currently, have been created 6 groups to categorize the websites depending on your level of importance within the administration, its content type, or the purpose for which they were created:

    • Main I. segment . Websites main ministries and other websites managed by public entities of greater access or impact on society.
    • Segment II. Organs and administrative units . Websites of organs, centres or administrative units of ministries.
    • Segment III. Public Sector Institutional . Selection of websites of all entities within the public sector state institutional except for public universities do not transferred, which will be discussed in the niche "Other", within the segment "Universities" to get an overview of the university sector.
    • Segment (IV. Thematic . Selection of websites managed by the AGE but do not identify a specific body: promotional webs, specific information on certain aspects, services, data collection, etc.
    • Segment SEE Major Locations Electronic. Headquarters websites listed in the Main segment.
    • Segment VI. Other Locations E. Headquarters not included in the segment of "Main headquarters".

    These segments, the segment I, II and (V will always be included in the official iterations are planning (FIXED series).

    The rest of segments will be divided into 2 series that will be included in alternate years (number torque and ODD series).

    Studies

    With regard to the UNE 139803:2004 , there were a total of 6 iterations of the observatory distributed as follows:

    • First execution basis. Mid May 2010.
    • Second execution. Mid-July 2010.
    • Third execution. Late November 2010.
    • Cuarta ejecución. Ejecución final del primer ciclo. Mediados de febrero 2011.
    • 5Th execution. October 2011.
    • 6Th execution. April 2015 (only for comparative purposes with new standard).

    With regard to UNE 139803:2012 , there have been 5 iterations of the observatory distributed as follows:

    • First execution basis. September 2015.
    • Second execution. November 2015.
    • Third execution. August 2016.
    • 4Th execution. December 2016.
    • 5Th execution. November 2017.

    With regard to the UNE 139803:2012 , se han realizado 4 iteraciones del observatorio usando la versión 2 de la metodología:

    • First execution basis. May 2018.
    • Second execution. Mid-November 2018.
    • Third execution. June 2019.
    • 4Th execution. November 2019.

    Observatory of Web Accessibility - REGIONAL GOVERNMENTS

    Segments

    Currently, have been created 14 groups to categorize the websites based on their subject and to know the situation in those specific areas allowing to compare your results between the various Autonomous Communities:

    • Main I. segment . Main website of each Autonomous Community.
    • Segment II. Newsletters . Website of the Official Newsletter of each Autonomous Community.
    • Segment III. electronic Headquarters . Sedes electrónicas u Oficinas Virtuales en los casos en los que aún no exista sede (sólo una por cada Comunidad Autónoma).
    • Segment (IV. . Main website each educational Autonomous Community.
    • SEE Employment segment . Main website dedicated to employment policies of each Autonomous Community.
    • I SAW segment. . Main website dedicated to the delivery of health services in each Autonomous Community.
    • Segment VII. Taxes . Main website dedicated to the management and collection of taxes in each Autonomous Community.
    • Segment VIII. Tourism . Sitio web principal dedicado a la promoción e información turística de cada Comunidad Autónoma.
    • Segment IX. Transparency . Website of transparency of each Autonomous Community.
    • Social Protection X. segment . Sitio web principal dedicado a la protección social de cada Comunidad Autónoma
    • Segment XI. Environment . Main website dedicated to the environment of each Autonomous Community
    • Segment XII. Health Centres . (Se incluirán a partir de 2022). Selección de sitios web pertenecientes a centros sanitarios.

    • Segment XIII. Non-university educational establishments (Se incluirán a partir de 2023). Selección de sitios web pertenecientes a centros educativos no universitarios.

    • XIV segment. Other services . Selección de sitios web específicos para la prestación de cualquier otro servicio autonómico que no pertenezca a ninguno de los segmentos anteriores.

    These segments, the first seven, will always be included in the official iterations are planning (FIXED series).

    Los segmentos VIII, IX y XIII se incluirán en la serie IMPAR Los segmentos X, XI y XII se incluirán en la serie PAR. En cambio el segmento XIV será dividido en 2 series e incluido en años alternos (serie PAR y serie IMPAR).

    Studies

    With regard to UNE 139803:2004 se realizaron un total de 5 iteraciones del observatorio distribuidas de la siguiente forma:

    • First execution basis. Early June 2010.
    • Second execution. Late October 2010.
    • Third execution. Final implementation first cycle. Early February 2011.
    • 4Th execution. October 2011.
    • 5Th execution. April 2015 (only for comparative purposes with new standard)

    With regard to UNE 139803:2004 se han realizado 5 iteraciones del observatorio distribuidas de la siguiente forma:

    • First execution basis. September 2015.
    • Second execution. November 2015.
    • Third execution. August 2016.
    • 4Th execution. December 2016.
    • 5Th execution. November 2017.

    With regard to UNE 139803:2004 , se han realizado 4 iteraciones del observatorio usando la versión 2 de la metodología:

    • First execution basis. May 2018.
    • Second execution. Early November 2018.
    • Third execution. June 2019.
    • 4Th execution. November 2019.

    Observatory of Web Accessibility - EELL

    Segments

    Currently, have been created 6 groups to categorize the websites taking into account the provincial division and depending on the characteristics of the different local entities and thus obtain comparable results:

    • Councils I. segment . Sitio web principal de todas las Diputaciones Provinciales, Cabildos y Consejos Insulares. En el caso de Comunidades Autónomas uniprovinciales no existirá el sitio web de la diputación.

    • Segment II. Capital . Website do concello de all provincial capitals.

    • Segment III. Most Populous . Sitio web del ayuntamiento de los municipios con población mayor de 20.000 habitantes (excluyendo la capital).

    • Segment (IV. Media . Selection of websites of municipalities of municipalities with a population between 5,000 and 20,000 inhabitants of each province.

    • SEE Small segment . Selección de sitios web de ayuntamientos de municipios con población entre 2.500 y 3.500 habitantes de cada provincia.

    • Segment VI. Other services . Websites that do not belong to any of the previous segments.

    These segments, the segment I and II will always be included in the official iterations are planning (FIXED series).

    El resto de segmentos se dividirán en 2 series que serán incluidos en años alternos (serie PAR y serie IMPAR).

    Studies

    With regard to UNE 139803:2004 se realizaron 3 iteraciones del observatorio distribuidas de la siguiente forma:

    • First execution basis. Mid-October 2010.
    • Second execution. Early May 2011.
    • Tercera ejecución. Abril 2015 (solo a fines comparativos con nuevo estándar)

    With regard to UNE 139803:2012  se han realizado 5 iteraciones del observatorio distribuidas de la siguiente forma:

    • First execution basis. September 2015.
    • Second execution. November 2015.
    • Third execution. August 2016.
    • 4Th execution. December 2016.
    • 5Th execution. November 2017.

    With regard to UNE 139803:2012 , se han realizado 4 iteraciones del observatorio usando la versión 2 de la metodología:

    • First execution basis. May 2018.
    • Second execution. Late November 2018.
    • Third execution. June 2019.
    • 4Th execution. November 2019.
    General access point
    General access point