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Web accessibility observatory

Accessibility observatory

The Observatory of Web Accessibility is an initiative of the ministry of economic affairs and Digital Transformation that aims to help improve compliance in the matter of accessibility of websites and applications for mobile devices of the administration (AGE, REGIONAL GOVERNMENTS, EELL and remnants of public sector bodies).

Within this initiative will provide the following services:

  • Monitoring of compliance with accessibility requirements Periodic. Study provides data of measurement of compliance in the matter of accessibility of websites of the administration as well as data of evolution.
  • Diagnostic service online . This service allows staff to public administrations the possibility of requesting an automatic review of accessibility of their websites, according to the methodology for tracking UNE-EN Simplified 301549:2019 as well as an automatic review of the declaration of accessibility. Available to members of the Accessibility community .
  • Reference documentation  sobre accesibilidad para ayudar a mejorar la accesibilidad de los sitios web y aplicaciones para dispositivos móviles de las Administraciones públicas: normativa, guías sobre la creación de contenido accesible y su validación, vídeos divulgativos relacionados con la implantación del RD 1112/2018, preguntas frecuentes con respuesta a las cuestiones o dudas más extendidas relacionadas con la accesibilidad, etc.
  • Accessibility community . Punto de encuentro de las administraciones públicas para compartir información y experiencias y resolver dudas. También permite el acceso al Servicio de diagnóstico en línea.

Temporary Scope

Inicialmente, los estudios del Observatorio de Accesibilidad Web se planificaron para llevarse a cabo during 2010 and early 2011 . These studies allow timely situational awareness and the evolution of accessibility requirements of websites of public administrations, based on our own methodology, developed in collaboration with the working groups related to accessibility existing in the administration. These studies were carried out on the UNE 139803:2004 (equivalent to WCAG 1.0 ).

Given the success and acceptance of the initiative, as well as the good results obtained, it was decided to prolong their activity during the year 2011 complete .

During 2012 and 2013 se mantuvieron las actividades del servicio de diagnóstico en línea y la comunidad accesibilidad. Así mismo se potenció la generación de materiales de ayuda ante la aprobación de la nueva UNE 139803:2012 (equivalente a WCAG 2.0 ). Desde 2014, se trabajó con respecto a la UNE 139803:2012.

In 2018 los grupos de trabajo relacionados con la accesibilidad del Comité de Dirección TIC (CDTIC) y de la Comisión Sectorial de Administración Electrónica (CSAE) aprueban una nueva versión de la Metodología basada también en la UNE 139803:2012.

After the entry into force of Real Decreto 1112/2018 sobre accesibilidad de los sitios web y aplicaciones para dispositivos móviles del sector público (Opens in new window) which transposes into Spanish law Directive (HAT) 2016/2102 of the European Parliament and of the board of 26 October 2016, on the accessibility of websites and applications for mobile devices of the public sector agencies and the publication of the Implementation decision 2018/1524 (Opens in new window) , which defines how to carry out the monitoring simplified in the member states from the year 2020, work began on the new Monitoring methodology simplified UNE-EN 301549:2019 (PDF) (Opens in new window) , whose checks are aligned with WCAG 2.1 In. June 2020  la metodología es aprobada por los grupos de trabajo "Accesibilidad en las TIC en las AAPP" del CDTIC y "Observatorio, Indicadores y Medidas" de la CSAE.

Methodology of studies

La revisión de accesibilidad de los estudios del Observatorio de Accesibilidad Web se realiza en base a una metodología propia desarrollada por el Observatorio en colaboración con los grupos de trabajo relacionados con la accesibilidad del CDTIC y de la CSAE. En esta metodología se define la sample of web sites and pages to analyse , checks to check as well as the scores a generar para medir el grado de cumplimiento de accesibilidad, en base a las cuales se puede conocer también la evolution of the results over time; checks are analyzed subset of verification criteria of WCAG those whose verification can be done automatically as well as others who, although its revision is usually manual, have been able to add through specialized metrics. In the methodology also defines the Fields which divides the study (state, regional, local and others), as well as the segments where are grouped websites with similar characteristics, with the aim of comparability between them.

All services offered in 2010 , 2011 and 2012 used a methodology based on the UNE 139803:2004 (equivalent to WCAG 1.0). There are 2 versions of this methodology: Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2004 - Administración General del Estado (PDF) (Opens in new window) and Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2004 - Gobiernos regionales y locales (PDF) (Opens in new window) , donde la única diferencia entre ambas es la diferente distribución de segmentos.

In July 2015 approved primera versión de la Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2012 (PDF) (Opens in new window)   (equivalent to WCAG 2.0). In April 2018 adopted a second version of the methodology based on the same rule (UNE 139803:2012) (PDF) (Opens in new window) .

In June 2020 approved Current methodology for monitoring simplified, based on UNE-EN 301549:2019 (PDF) (Opens in new window)   (equivalent to WCAG 2.1).

    Results of studies

    En cada uno de los estudios del Observatorio y para cada uno de sus ámbitos de actuación se generan diferentes informes:

    • Report added.  Este informe permite conocer de manera global la situación actual y de evolución de todos los sitios web analizados en el estudio. El informe contiene una gran cantidad de gráficas y tablas que reflejan los resultados del estudio: resultados globales, resultados obtenidos en cada uno de los segmentos así como una evolución de los resultados a lo largo del tiempo.
    • Individual reports. Individual reports are generated for each of the websites analyzed, which contain the detail of the results obtained in each of the pages analysed in the study. These reports are referred to those responsible for the website analyzed so that they can use in improving accessibility.

    A summary of the results achieved during the execution of 2010 and 2011 it is available in technical note of OBSAE: Accessibility in E-government in Spain (PDF) (Opens in new window) .

    A very short summary of data with respect to the overall situation in December 2016 it is available in technical note of OBSAE: Directiva de accesibilidad de los sitios web y aplicaciones móviles del sector público (PDF) (Opens in new window) .

    Technical note Accessibility of websites and mobile applications of the public sector (PDF) (Opens in new window) , describe el nuevo contexto y los retos a los que enfrentan todos los actores implicados tras la publicación del Real Decreto 1112/2018 así como muestra los resultados de la iteración de finales de 2018 offering a comprehensive picture of the situation at that time.

    Observatory of Web Accessibility - AGE

    Segments

    En la actualidad, se han creado 6 grupos para categorizar los sitios web en función de su nivel de importancia dentro de la administración, su tipo de contenido, o la finalidad para la cual fueron creados:

    • Main I. segment . Websites main ministries and other websites managed by public entities of greater access or impact on society.
    • Segment II. Organs and administrative units . Websites of organs, centres or administrative units of ministries.
    • Segment III. Public Sector Institutional . Selection of websites of all entities within the public sector state institutional except for public universities do not transferred, which will be discussed in the niche "Other", within the segment "Universities" to get an overview of the university sector.
    • Segment (IV. Thematic . Selección de sitios web gestionados por la AGE pero que no identifican a un organismo concreto: webs promocionales, de información específica sobre determinados aspectos, de servicios, recogida de datos, etc.
    • Segment SEE Major Locations Electronic. Headquarters websites listed in the Main segment.
    • Segment VI. Other Locations . Sedes electrónicas no incluidas en el segmento de "Sedes principales".

    These segments, segments I, II and (V will always be analysed in all the official iterations are planning (FIXED series).

    The rest of segments, segments III, (IV and (VI, divided their websites in 2 series that will be analyzed in alternate years in the official iterations are planning (number torque and ODD series).

    Studies

    With regard to the Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2004 - Administración General del Estado (PDF) (Opens in new window) , there were a total of 6 iterations of the observatory distributed as follows:

    • First execution basis. Mid May 2010.
    • Second execution. Mid-July 2010.
    • Third execution. Late November 2010.
    • Cuarta ejecución. Ejecución final del primer ciclo. Mediados de febrero 2011.
    • 5Th execution. October 2011.
    • 6Th execution. April 2015 (only for comparative purposes with new standard).

    With regard to primera versión de la Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2012 (PDF) (Opens in new window) , there have been 5 iterations of the observatory distributed as follows:

    • First execution basis. September 2015.
    • Second execution. November 2015.
    • Third execution. August 2016.
    • 4Th execution. December 2016.
    • 5Th execution. November 2017.

    With regard to the segunda versión de la Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2012 (PDF) (Opens in new window) , there have been 4 iterations of the observatory distributed as follows:

    • First execution basis. May 2018.
    • Second execution. Mid-November 2018.
    • Third execution. June 2019.
    • 4Th execution. November 2019.

    With regard to the Simplified Monitoring methodology UNE-EN 301549:2019 (PDF) (Opens in new window) it has done 1 iteration of the observatory distributed in the following way:

    • First execution. June 2020.

    Observatory of Web Accessibility - REGIONAL GOVERNMENTS

    Segments

    Currently, have been created 14 groups to categorize the websites based on their subject and to know the situation in those specific areas, allowing you to compare your results between the various Autonomous Communities:

    • Main I. segment . Main website of each Autonomous Community.
    • Segment II. Newsletters . Website of the Official Newsletter of each Autonomous Community.
    • Segment III. electronic Headquarters Electronic. Virtual or offices in cases where the headquarters does not yet exist (only one for each Autonomous Community).
    • Segment (IV. . Main website each educational Autonomous Community.
    • SEE Employment segment . Main website dedicated to employment policies of each Autonomous Community.
    • I SAW segment. . Sitio web principal dedicado a la prestación de servicios sanitarios en cada Comunidad Autónoma.
    • Segment VII. Taxes . Sitio web principal dedicado a la gestión y recaudación de impuestos en cada Comunidad Autónoma.
    • Segment VIII. Tourism . Main website dedicated to the promotion and tourist information of each Autonomous Community.
    • Segment IX. Transparency . Website of transparency of each Autonomous Community.
    • Social Protection X. segment . Main website dedicated to the social protection of each Autonomous Community
    • Segment XI. Environment . Main website dedicated to the environment of each Autonomous Community
    • Segment XII. Health Centres . (Se incluirán a partir de 2022). Selección de sitios web pertenecientes a centros sanitarios.

    • Segment XIII. Non-university educational establishments (Included starting in 2023). Selection of websites belonging to non-university education centres.

    • XIV segment. Other services . Selección de sitios web específicos para la prestación de cualquier otro servicio autonómico que no pertenezca a ninguno de los segmentos anteriores.

    These segments, the first seven, will always be analysed in all the official iterations are planning (FIXED series).

    Los segmentos VIII, IX y XIII serán analizados en las iteraciones oficiales realizadas en los años IMPARES (serie IMPAR).

    Segments X, (XI and (XII will be analyzed in the official iterations conducted in even years (number COUPLE).

    El segmento XIV dividirá sus sitios web en 2 series, que serán analizados en años alternos en las iteraciones oficiales (serie PAR y serie IMPAR).

    Studies

    With regard to the Methodology based on the UNE 139803:2004 - regional and local governments (PDF) (Opens in new window) a total of 5 iterations of the observatory distributed as follows:

    • First execution basis. Early June 2010.
    • Second execution. Late October 2010.
    • Third execution. Final implementation first cycle. Early February 2011.
    • 4Th execution. October 2011.
    • 5Th execution. April 2015 (only for comparative purposes with new standard)

    With regard to the primera versión de la Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2012 (PDF) (Opens in new window) 5 has been made iterations of the observatory distributed as follows:

    • First execution basis. September 2015.
    • Second execution. November 2015.
    • Third execution. August 2016.
    • 4Th execution. December 2016.
    • 5Th execution. November 2017.

    With regard to the segunda versión de la Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2012 (PDF) (Opens in new window) , se han realizado 4 iteraciones del observatorio distribuidas de la siguiente manera:

    • First execution basis. May 2018.
    • Second execution. Early November 2018.
    • Third execution. June 2019.
    • 4Th execution. November 2019.

    With regard to the Simplified Monitoring methodology UNE-EN 301549:2019 (PDF) (Opens in new window)  se ha realizado 1 iteración del observatorio distribuida de la siguiente forma:

    • First execution. June 2020.

    Observatory of Web Accessibility - EELL

    Segments

    En la actualidad, se han creado 6 grupos para categorizar los sitios web teniendo en cuenta la división provincial y en función de las características de las diferentes entidades locales y así obtener resultados comparables:

    • Councils I. segment . Sitio web principal de todas las Diputaciones Provinciales, Cabildos y Consejos Insulares. En el caso de Comunidades Autónomas uniprovinciales no existirá el sitio web de la diputación.

    • Segment II. Capital . Sitio web del ayuntamiento de todas las capitales de provincia.

    • Segment III. Most Populous . Sitio web del ayuntamiento de los municipios con población mayor de 20.000 habitantes (excluyendo la capital).

    • Segment (IV. Media . Selection of websites of municipalities of municipalities with a population between 5,000 and 20,000 inhabitants of each province.

    • SEE Small segment . Selección de sitios web de ayuntamientos de municipios con población entre 2.500 y 3.500 habitantes de cada provincia.

    • Segment VI. Other services . Sitios web que no pertenecen a ninguno de los segmentos anteriores.

    These segments, segments I and II will always be analysed in all the official iterations are planning (FIXED series).

    The rest of segments, divided their websites in 2 series that will be analyzed in alternate years (number torque and ODD series).

    Studies

    With regard to the Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2004 - Gobiernos regionales y locales (PDF) (Opens in new window) 3 were iterations of the observatory distributed as follows:

    • First execution basis. Mid-October 2010.
    • Second execution. Early May 2011.
    • Tercera ejecución. Abril 2015 (solo a fines comparativos con nuevo estándar)

    With regard to the first version of the methodology based on UNE 139803:2012 (PDF) (Opens in new window)  se han realizado 5 iteraciones del observatorio distribuidas de la siguiente forma:

    • First execution basis. September 2015.
    • Second execution. November 2015.
    • Third execution. August 2016.
    • 4Th execution. December 2016.
    • 5Th execution. November 2017.

    With regard to the segunda versión de la Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2012 (PDF) (Opens in new window) , there have been 4 iterations of the observatory distributed as follows:

    • First execution basis. May 2018.
    • Second execution. Late November 2018.
    • Third execution. June 2019.
    • 4Th execution. November 2019.

    With regard to the Simplified Monitoring methodology UNE-EN 301549:2019 (PDF) (Opens in new window)  se ha realizado 1 iteración del observatorio distribuida de la siguiente forma:

    • First execution. June 2020.

    Web accessibility observatory - other

    Segments

    En la actualidad, se han creado 3 grupos para categorizar los sitios web y así obtener resultados comparables:

    • Constitutional Bodies I. segment and regulators . Includes all major websites of Constitutional bodies and constitutional significance, as well as other structures of relevance integrated within the same and regulators. It also includes a selection of the existing Counterparts in the Autonomous Communities.
    • Segment II. Judiciary . Incluye a los sitios web tanto del Consejo General del Poder Judicial, como de los principales Juzgados y Tribunales, así como de la administración de justicia (organización al servicio de Jueces y Tribunales), considerando tanto los de comunidades autónomas con competencias transferidas, como las atendidas en el plano nacional.
    • Segment III. Universities . Websites not transferred public universities and public universities transferred.

    All segments will be analyzed in all the official iterations are planning (FIXED series).

    Studies

    With regard to the Simplified Monitoring methodology UNE-EN 301549:2019 (PDF) (Opens in new window) it has done 1 iteration of the observatory distributed in the following way:

    • First execution. June 2020.