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Initially, the studies of the Observatory of Web Accessibility were planned to be carried out during 2010 and the beginning of 2011 . These studies make it possible to know the situation on time and the evolution of compliance with accessibility requirements of the websites of the public authorities, based on a methodology, developed in collaboration with the working groups related to accessibility in the administration. These studies were carried out on UNE 139803:2004 (equivalent to WCAG 1.0 ).

Dado el éxito y aceptación de la iniciativa, así como por los buenos resultados obtenidos, se decidió prolongar su actividad durante el año 2011 complete .

During 2012 and 2013 were the activities of the diagnostic service on line and the community accessibility. It also facilitated the generation of materials before the adoption of the new UNE 139803:2012 (equivalent to WCAG 2.0 ). From 2014, we worked with regard to the UNE 139803:2012.

In 2018 the working groups related to the accessibility of the steering committee ICT (CDTIC) and the sectoral Commission E-government (CSAE) adopted a new version of the methodology underpinned by UNE 139803:2012.

After the entry into force of the Royal Decree 1112/2018 on accessibility of websites and applications for mobile devices in the public sector (Opens in new window) implementing the spanish legal system the Directiva (UE) 2016/2102 del Parlamento Europeo y del Consejo, de 26 de octubre de 2016, sobre la accesibilidad de los sitios web y aplicaciones para dispositivos móviles de los organismos del sector público and the publication of the Implementation decision 2018/1524 (Opens in new window) , which defines how this is to be done in the simplified follow-up to member states from the year 2020, we started working in the new Methodology for the follow-up simplified UNE-EN 301549:2019 (PDF) (Opens in new window) , whose verifications are aligned with WCAG 2.1 . In june 2020 the methodology was adopted by the working groups "accessibility of icts on the AAPP" CDTIC and "Observatory, indicators and measures of the" CSAE.

Survey methodology

La revisión de accesibilidad de los estudios del Observatorio de Accesibilidad Web se realiza en base a una metodología propia desarrollada por el Observatorio en colaboración con los grupos de trabajo relacionados con la accesibilidad del CDTIC y de la CSAE. En esta metodología se define la sample of websites and to analyse pages , verification to check and scores to generate for measuring the degree of compliance with accessibility, in which you can also understand the performance over time; checks are analysed sub-set of criteria for verification of WCAG , whose verification can be done automatically as well as others that, although usually review is manual, have been able to add through specialized metric. In the methodology also defines the Areas en los que se divide el estudio (ámbito estatal, regional, local y otros), así como los  segments en los que se agrupan los sitios web con características similares, con el objetivo de poder compararlos ente sí.

All the services offered on 2010 , 2011 y 2012 usaron una metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2004 (equivalente a WCAG 1.0). Hay 2 versiones de esta metodología: Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2004 - Administración General del Estado (PDF) (Opens in new window) and Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2004 - Gobiernos regionales y locales (PDF) (Opens in new window) where the only difference between the two is the uneven distribution of segments.

In july 2015 adoption first version of the methodology based on A 139803:2012 (PDF) (Opens in new window)   (equivalent to WCAG 2.0). In april 2018 passed second version of the methodology based on the same standard (UNE 139803:2012) (PDF) (Opens in new window) .

In june 2020 adoption Current methodology for the follow-up simplified, based on UNE-EN 301549:2019 (equivalent to WCAG 2.1):

Results of studies

In each of the studies of the Observatory and for each focus area generate different reports:

  • The report added.  Este informe permite conocer de manera global la situación actual y de evolución de todos los sitios web analizados en el estudio. El informe contiene una gran cantidad de gráficas y tablas que reflejan los resultados del estudio: resultados globales, resultados obtenidos en cada uno de los segmentos así como una evolución de los resultados a lo largo del tiempo.
  • Individual reports. Individual reports are generated for each of the web sites analysed, containing the details of the results obtained in each of the pages analysed in the study. These reports are submitted to the responsible site analysed so that they can use them in improving their accessibility.

A summary of the results achieved during the execution of 2010 and 2011 it is available in technical note OBSAE of: Accessibility in the E-government in Spain (PDF) (Opens in new window) .

A very brief summary of data with regard to the general situation in december 2016 it is available in technical note OBSAE of: Directive of accessibility of websites and mobile applications of the public sector (PDF) (Opens in new window) .

Technical note The accessibility of websites and mobile applications of the public sector (PDF) (Opens in new window) , describes the new context and challenges faced by all actors involved after the issuance of royal decree 1112/2018 as well as the results of the end of iteration 2018 offering a comprehensive picture of the situation at that time.

Observatory of Web Accessibility - AGE

Studies

With regard to the Methodology 139803:2004 - A General state administration (PDF) (Opens in new window) , se realizaron un total de 6 iteraciones del observatorio distribuidas de la siguiente forma:

  • First run basis. Mid-may 2010.
  • Second execution. Mid-july 2010.
  • Third implementation. The end of november 2010.
  • Fourth implementation. Final implementation of the first cycle. Mid-february 2011.
  • Fifth implementation. October 2011.
  • Sixth implementation. April 2015 (only for the purpose of comparison with new standard).

With regard to primera versión de la Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2012 (PDF) (Opens in new window) there have been 5 iterations of the observatory distributed as follows:

  • First run basis. September 2015.
  • Second execution. November 2015.
  • Third implementation. August 2016.
  • Fourth implementation. December 2016.
  • Fifth implementation. November 2017.

With regard to the segunda versión de la Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2012 (PDF) (Opens in new window) there have been 4 iterations of the observatory distributed as follows:

  • First run basis may 2018.
  • Second execution. Mid-november 2018.
  • Third implementation. June 2019.
  • Fourth implementation. November 2019.

With regard to the Simplified methodology Follow UNE-EN 301549:2019 (PDF) (Opens in new window) there has been 1 iteration of the observatory distributed as follows:

  • The first implementation 2020. June.

Observatory of Web Accessibility - REGIONAL GOVERNMENTS

Studies

With regard to the Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2004 - Gobiernos regionales y locales (PDF) (Opens in new window) a total of 5 iterations of the observatory distributed as follows:

  • First run basis. The beginning of june 2010.
  • Second implementation. The end of october 2010.
  • Third implementation. Final implementation first cycle. Early february 2011.
  • Fourth implementation. October 2011.
  • Fifth implementation. April 2015 (only for the purpose of comparison with new standard)

With regard to the first version of the methodology based on A 139803:2012 (PDF) (Opens in new window) there have been 5 iterations of the observatory distributed as follows:

  • First run basis. September 2015.
  • Second execution. November 2015.
  • Third implementation. August 2016.
  • Fourth implementation. December 2016.
  • Fifth implementation. November 2017.

With regard to the segunda versión de la Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2012 (PDF) (Opens in new window) there have been 4 iterations of the observatory distributed as follows:

  • First run basis may 2018.
  • Second execution. Early november 2018.
  • Third implementation. June 2019.
  • Fourth implementation. November 2019.

With regard to the Simplified methodology Follow UNE-EN 301549:2019 (PDF) (Opens in new window) there has been 1 iteration of the observatory distributed as follows:

  • The first implementation 2020. June.

Observatory of Web Accessibility - EELL

Studies

With regard to the Metodología basada en la UNE 139803:2004 - Gobiernos regionales y locales (PDF) (Opens in new window) se realizaron 3 iteraciones del observatorio distribuidas de la siguiente forma:

  • First run basis. Mid-october 2010.
  • Second execution. Early may 2011.
  • Third implementation. April 2015 (only for the purpose of comparison with new standard)

With regard to the first version of the methodology based on A 139803:2012 (PDF) (Opens in new window) there have been 5 iterations of the observatory distributed as follows:

  • First run basis. September 2015.
  • Second execution. November 2015.
  • Third implementation. August 2016.
  • Fourth implementation. December 2016.
  • Fifth implementation. November 2017.

With regard to the second version of the methodology based on A 139803:2012 (PDF) (Opens in new window) there have been 4 iterations of the observatory distributed as follows:

  • First run basis may 2018.
  • Second implementation. The end of november 2018.
  • Third implementation. June 2019.
  • Fourth implementation. November 2019.

With regard to the Simplified methodology Follow UNE-EN 301549:2019 (PDF) (Opens in new window)  se ha realizado 1 iteración del observatorio distribuida de la siguiente forma:

  • The first implementation 2020. June.
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