accesskey _ mod _ content


Cooperation between the public administrations is essential to provide services to citizens and guarantee their rights. Such cooperation requires such conditions that enable its fluidity, requires interoperability. Interoperability facilitates the realization of principles and rights of citizens; cooperation in the development and delivery of public services; as well as a more effective and efficient deployment and in the provision of services.

Article 3 “ general principles ’ Ley 40/2015, de 1 de octubre, de Régimen Jurídico del Sector Público (Opens in new window) includes interoperability between the principles of action of the public administrations, so that these will relate to one another through electronic means to ensure interoperability and safety systems and solutions adopted by each of them, the protection of personal data, and facilitate the provision of services to stakeholders.
Article 156 of the law 40/2015 reflects the national Interoperability (ENI) that “ it includes the set of criteria and recommendations on security, maintenance and standardization of information, formats and applications that should be taken into account by public authorities for decision-making technological guarantee interoperability ”.
The ENI was established earlier in article 42 of law 11/2007 and is embodied in the Royal Decree 4/2010, of 8 january, which regulates the national Interoperability (Opens in new window) in the area of E-government.
The technical standards for interoperability concretan detalles para facilitar los aspectos más prácticos y operativos de la interoperabilidad entre las Administraciones Públicas y con el ciudadano. Se acompañan de guías de aplicación y de otros documentos complementarios.

El ENI es el resultado de un trabajo coordinado por el Ministerio de Asuntos Económicos y Transformación Digital. Todas las Administraciones Públicas participaron en la elaboración del ENI a través de los órganos colegiados con competencia en materia de administración digital; y se  contó también con la opinión de las asociaciones de la industria del sector de tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones.

En la elaboración del ENI y de sus normas técnicas se tuvieron presentes las recomendaciones provenientes de la Unión Europea, particularmente del el European Interoperability framework (Opens in new window) disponible a la fecha; por tanto, el ENI se ubica en el contexto europeo de políticas, actos, documentos y servicios relativos a la interoperabilidad; además, contempla la noción del enlace con los diversos instrumentos equivalentes del ámbito de la Unión Europea, sean redes de comunicaciones, componentes elementales (building blocks), o servicios para la cooperación en interoperabilidad o la reutilización.


The national Interoperability pursues the following objectives:

  • To understand the criteria and recommendations to be taken into account by public authorities for decision-making technological guarantee interoperability and to avoid discrimination to citizens by reason of their choice. And thus contribute to creating the conditions necessary for interoperability in the use of electronic means to allow citizens to governments and the exercise of rights and the fulfilment of duties through such means.
  • Provide the common elements to guide the actions of public administrations on interoperability, to facilitate the interaction of public administrations, as well as the communication of the requirements of interoperability to industry.
  • To facilitate the implementation of security policies by contributing to a greater degree of technical soundness and economies of scale.

Interoperability is conceived, safety, in a comprehensive manner, so that there is no specific sections conjunctural or treatments, because the weakness of a system is determined by its most fragile and often this point is coordination between appropriate measures individually but poorly assembled.

Elements of the national Interoperability

The main elements of the ENI are:

  • The basic principles of interoperability : interoperability as integral quality present from the design of systems and services throughout their life cycle; the multidimensional nature of interoperability; and the approach of multilateral solutions. (Arts. 4 - 7)
  • Organizational interoperability - includes aspects relating to the publication of services through the communications network of public administrations ( SARA "href =" https :// "> network SARA ), with the conditions attached; the use of nodes of interoperability; and keeping an inventory of administrative information (Arts. 8 - 9).
  • The semantic interoperability: a través de la publicación y aplicación de los modelos de datos de intercambio, horizontales y sectoriales, así como los relativos a infraestructuras, servicios y herramientas comunes. (Art.10)
  • Technical interoperability: through the use of standards in the conditions laid down in the regulations to ensure the independence in the election, adaptability to progress and non-discrimination of citizens by reason of their choice. (item 11)
  • Infrastructures and common services dynamization, elements, simplification and spread of interoperability, while facilitating multilateral engagement. (Art. 12)
  • La utilización, preferentemente, de la Red de comunicaciones de las Administraciones Públicas in spain to communicate with each other and their networks that connect and nodes of interoperability, applying Plan addressing the administration . The SARA "href =" https :// "> network SARA given the above-mentioned Communications network. (Arts. 13 - 15)
  • Reuse: includes conditions of dismissal of applications, documentation and other objects of information by public administrations to make available to other authorities and of citizens; link between the directories of reusable applications and by public administrations of solutions available for free reuse; as well as publication of the code of applications. (Arts. 16 - 17)
  • The interoperability of electronic signatures and certificates: the policy of electronic signatures and certificates of the General state administration as a tool that can be used as a reference for other AA.PP.; aspects relating to the validation of certificates and signatures, the lists of confidence, the user applications, certification services providers and validation of certificates and electronic signature. (Arts. 18 - 20)
  • The revival and preservation of the electronic record, as a manifestation of interoperability over time, and that has a unique to the electronic document. (Arts. 21-24)
  • Creates the technical standards for interoperability and instruments to interoperability. (Additional provision first)

Ámbito of implementation

The scope of the national security is established by article 2 of the law 39/2015 and 40/2015 on the subjective scope and what is said on the public sector institutional.

Alignment with national Interoperability

To the adequacy of ENI is of interest to the Guide of implementation of audit ENI (Opens in new window) that is intended to facilitate to carry out an assessment of the implementation of the measures of interoperability, pointing out a list of measures on national Interoperability. Such controls are structured into three categories following the model of the NHIS:

  • Organizational framework , referred to those controls demanding horizontal measures, such as the legal aspects of policies for action or certain decisions, often referred to the governance of interoperability.
  • Operational framework , referred to those controls whose implementation requires the adoption of practices, procedures and measures in line with the administration of interoperability as a whole, including the design, implementation and the design and operation of interoperable systems.
  • Technical measures , que suponen requisitos concretos que permiten garantizar la interoperabilidad, incluyendo formatos, vocabularios o protocolos.

Further information,

Fill in the form of Contact to send your request for information.

European union. Project co-financed by the european Regional development fund (ERDF)

Subscribe to the youtube channel of OBSAE
Subscribe to the youtube channel of OBSAE